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Even as the broader economy weakened and federal stimulus money ran out, Americans continued to stock up on food and buy new and used cars, and that’s meant retail sales have held up better during the pandemic than just about anyone expected.
On Tuesday morning, the Commerce Department reported that sales for October rose 0.3 percent, the sixth consecutive month of gains. Sales in September had increased 1.6 percent.
An earlier holiday shopping season, with Black Friday deals beginning many weeks before Thanksgiving, helped drive October’s increase. Amazon also moved its “Prime Day” to October from July, which bolstered sales.
“Even as we enter the fourth month with no additional fiscal stimulus, elevated political uncertainty and unprecedented levels of new Covid-19 cases, American households continued to spend,” Morgan Stanley economists wrote in a research note last week.
Sales continued to be robust in specific categories, with Americans buying groceries and home improvement items. But with many people still working from home, they were spending much less on clothing and gas.
The economists said an improving job market and growing savings rate had enabled Americans to keep spending.
But just as they have every month since retail sales began to rebound in May, economists warned that rising infections and new lockdowns could stall a recovery that seems, at times, to have defied reality.
Also on Tuesday, Walmart reported that its strong sales growth during the pandemic continued in the third quarter. The nation’s largest retailer said that same store sales increased 6.4 percent from a year ago, while e-commerce sales were up 79 percent. Walmart has been making a big bet on its online sales, including curbside pick of groceries at its stores, as more people shy away from shopping in physical stores because of the virus. The company said the shift to online shopping would endure past the pandemic.
“We think these new customer behaviors will largely persist,” the company’s chief executive, Doug McMillion, said in a statement.
Credit…Ruth Fremson/The New York Times
Two runoff elections in January will decide Georgia’s senators, the Senate majority and potential limits on President-elect Joseph R. Biden’s agenda. Private equity’s preference for the Republican contenders shows up in campaign contributions in races there, Ricardo Valadez of the nonprofit organization Americans for Financial Reform noted in the DealBook newsletter.
Government gridlock protects private equity’s business model, ensuring that major changes proposed by Democrats, like Senator Elizabeth Warren’s Stop Wall Street Looting Act, won’t become law, Mr. Valadez said. Mr. Biden got the most direct contributions associated with private equity in 2020, but Republican Senators Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, John Cornyn of Texas and Susan Collins of Maine were the next-biggest recipients, reflecting the sector’s preference for divided government.
In Georgia, donations linked to people at Apollo and KKR were in the top 10 contributions for the Republican incumbent David Perdue. His Democratic challenger, Jon Ossoff, appears to have no private equity ties among top donors. The dynamic is less skewed in the other Senate race, where contributions linked to Blackstone and Roark Capital were among the top donations to the Republican incumbent Kelly Loeffler, who previously worked on Wall Street. Her Democratic challenger, the Rev. Raphael Warnock, counts donors from Insight Partners among his top five givers.
A lucrative tax break is at stake, said Eileen Appelbaum, the co-director of the nonprofit group Center for Economic and Policy Research. With Senate control, Democrats could eliminate the favorable tax treatment of carried interest, which would put a big dent in private equity executives’ earnings, she said. Although President Trump has denounced the carried interest loophole, lobbying helped fend off any changes. A Republican-controlled Senate is likely to continue to resist altering the treatment of investment gains.
Global stocks sagged on Tuesday, with Wall Street poised for a downbeat open, a day after markets were propelled by more optimism that an effective vaccine against the coronavirus was within reach.
There was no single sector weighing on the markets as they drifted lower. It appeared that investors were taking a breather in a frenetic month that has forced them to balance the relentless toll of the virus versus the likelihood of a turnaround next year. The prospect of a new White House administration that will seek additional fiscal stimulus, and positive news from drugmakers developing vaccines to halt the raging pandemic, have pushed the S&P 500 up more than 10 percent in November.
But on Tuesday, stock indexes lost ground. The benchmark Stoxx Europe 600 was down 0.2 percent, and the FTSE 100 in Britain fell 0.7 percent. Asian markets were more mixed; the Shanghai Composite in China slumped 0.2 percent, while the Nikkei in Japan gained 0.4 percent.
Futures indicated that the S&P 500 would slip 0.4 percent when trading started.
Oil was up slightly, the price of U.S. 10-year Treasury notes rose, and gold was unchanged.
EasyJet, the Britain-based discount airline that primarily serves vacation travelers, reported a loss of 1.27 billion pounds ($1.68 billion) for the year ending in September, the carrier’s first annual loss in its 25-year history. EasyJet said it expected to carry no more than 20 percent of normal capacity into 2021. Its shares were down about 2 percent.
Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp is said to be making a bid for Simon & Schuster, the powerhouse publisher that has been put up for sale by ViacomCBS. One of the five largest book publishers in the United States, Simon & Schuster is home to prominent authors like Stephen King and Hillary Clinton, and recently attracted attention for publishing a raft of best-sellers critical of the Trump administration.
On Monday, stocks rallied on Wall Street. The S&P 500 rose 1.2 percent, after having ended last week at its highest ever close. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 1.6 percent, crossing above its record high, set Feb. 12.
Credit…Cliff Owen/Associated Press
Tuesday is the first day of the DealBook Online Summit, featuring top newsmakers in business, policy and culture debating the most important issues of the moment — and the future. Speakers will consider the arc of innovation, the prospects for beating the pandemic, the race for a Covid-19 vaccine, and the future of policymaking in Washington.
Here is lineup for Tuesday (all times Eastern):
9-9:45 a.m.: Masayoshi Son of SoftBank. The billionaire founder and chief executive of SoftBank, the Japanese tech conglomerate, will discuss the $100 billion Vision Fund’s biggest bets and his long-term outlook for innovation.
11-11:30 a.m.: Dr. Anthony Fauci of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Dr. Fauci will provide an update on the latest developments in the coronavirus pandemic and reflect on his service under six presidents.
1-2 p.m.: Pfizer’s Albert Bourla, Bill Gates and Heidi Larson of the Vaccine Confidence Project. The panel will discuss the latest breakthroughs in the development of a Covid-19 vaccine and the challenges of distributing it, both in terms of logistics and winning public trust.
4:30-4:55 p.m.: Senator Elizabeth Warren. One the most prominent progressives in the Senate, with a track record of aggressively trying to rein in Wall Street, Ms. Warren will discuss the post-election outlook for the intersection of business and policy.
Credit…Jim Wilson/The New York Times
Airbnb revealed declining revenue and growing losses in a prospectus for an initial public offering on Monday.
The offering, which could value Airbnb at more than $30 billion and raise as much as $3 billion, will test investors’ appetite for hospitality-related stocks in a year when the industry has been battered and its future is uncertain, The New York Times’s Erin Griffith reports.
The company provides a marketplace for people to rent their homes, taking a percentage of the fees, and facilitates bookings for activities. Here are some highlights:
In total, Airbnb brought in $2.5 billion in revenue in the first nine months of the year, down from $3.7 billion a year earlier.
Its net loss more than doubled during that period to $697 million. The company’s shrinking revenue means it cannot pitch Wall Street on the typical tech start-up narrative of soaring growth.
Airbnb was valued at $31 billion before the pandemic, but some investors bought shares valuing it at $18 billion after travel ground to a halt.
Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs will lead Airbnb’s public offering, which will list on Nasdaq.
S&P Dow Jones Indices said on Monday that it would add Tesla to the S&P 500 next month. The addition had been expected by investors after Tesla met profitability requirements to be added to the index earlier this year, but the shares still jumped more than 9 percent in after-hours trading on Monday. The stock is up nearly 400 percent this year.
Universal Pictures and Cinemark, the third-largest cinema chain in North America, said on Monday that they reached a deal to bring new movies to homes a mere three weeks after their theater debuts. The agreement guarantees that Universal will give Cinemark at least 17 days (three weekends) to play movies exclusively — down from roughly 90 days. After that, even as films continue to play in Cinemark theaters (as long as there is demand), Universal has the option of simultaneously making them available on premium video-on-demand.
The beleaguered Chinese tech giant Huawei said on Tuesday that it would sell its budget smartphone brand, Honor, to a Chinese state-owned entity, in a sign of the strain the company is under as the Trump administration’s restrictions on its business start to bite.
Huawei did not disclose the size of the sale. The company said that once the transaction was complete, it would not hold any shares in the new Honor business or be involved in its management.
The Trump administration has long called Huawei a threat to American national security, and it now effectively dictates the company’s ability to buy many of the components and software in its smartphones and telecommunications gear. Huawei is one of China’s most revered tech success stories. Yet its products have used a range of specialized parts made by American companies, as well as computer chips manufactured using American software and equipment. Many of Huawei’s suppliers now need licenses from the U.S. government to sell to it.
“Huawei’s consumer business has been under tremendous pressure as of late,” the company said in a statement on Tuesday announcing the Honor sale. “This has been due to a persistent unavailability of technical elements needed for our mobile phone business.”
Honor, created in 2013, is Huawei’s youth-oriented gadget brand. The company that is buying it, Shenzhen Zhixin New Information Technology, is owned mostly by an entity backed by the government of the city of Shenzhen, where Huawei is headquartered. Once Honor is in new hands, it would likely not be subject to the U.S. export restrictions that bind Huawei.
Huawei was the world’s second biggest smartphone seller in the latest quarter, according to the research firm Canalys. But the company’s uncertain future has caused its sales in key markets outside China, such as Europe, to fall sharply.
WPP, one of the largest advertising companies in the world, is further condensing its sprawling operations by folding its Geometry agency into its VMLY&R agency.
The arrangement is part of WPP chief executive Mark Read’s attempt to streamline the ad giant into what he has called “fewer, stronger companies,” a strategy that has become particularly important as the industry attempts to recover from a slump in demand during the pandemic. Last week, WPP merged its AKQA and Grey agencies.
The combination between Geometry and VMLY&R, which is expected to be announced publicly on Tuesday, also aims to address a surge of interest in online shopping that has intensified during global lockdowns. The retail industry, a focus for Geometry, is “going through massive amounts of change,” said Beth Ann Kaminkow, Geometry’s current chief executive.
“Every single one of our clients right now is rethinking their commerce strategies, and Covid has just been a massive accelerator of this,” she said.
Geometry’s 3,500 employees will be absorbed into VMLY&R’s 7,000-person work force in January and Geometry will be renamed VMLY&R Commerce. VMLY&R itself was formed in 2018 through the merger of the VML agency with the renowned advertising company formerly known as Young & Rubicam. Its clients include companies such as Ford, PepsiCo and Pfizer.
“The best and most relevant agencies are being asked not just to do advertising, but to handle brand experience and customer experience,” said Jon Cook, the chief executive of VMLY&R. “This is about the ability to incorporate communications with commerce, where the line for the consumer between shopping, being entertained and being communicated to is going to blur.”